Moral, Morality; Mortal, Mortality

“Seven social sins: politics without principles, wealth without work, pleasure without conscience, knowledge without character, commerce without morality, science without humanity, and worship without sacrifice.” –Mahatma Gandhi

Thomas F. Healey’s poem: Don’t strew me with roses after I’m dead. / When Death claims the light of my brow, / No flowers of life will cheer me: instead / You may give me my roses now! So, what is the moral of the story? The moral is that give your time, affection, love, care, consideration and kindness to your near or dear one when he or she is alive.

Because human beings are mortal only their good acts remain immortal.

MORALITY:

Morality is principles of good behaviour.

Morality means degree of conforming to moral principles.

Morals are principles and habits with respect to what is right and wrong, right conduct rather than conduct dictated by legalities or custom or enactment, behaviour; the embodiment of good (or bad). Moral functions as a noun and as an adjective.

Have you studied moral science?

How strong are the moralities in independent India in the public sphere especially among the politicians? Are officials and clerks across the central and state administrations working impartially and doing their duties or are they susceptible to corruption or nepotism or favouritism?

Are people following morals in the world? Yes. Most of the human beings in the world have morals and follow morals. According to a study more than 90% of the people in the world follow morals but a minority (5-6%) are not moral.

MORALS:

The common morals across cultures and countries are: to seek the truth or truths, commitment to something greater or higher principles or finding a meaning to one’s existence; self-respect with humility, and self-discipline, personal responsibility; respect and care for others such as serving others, the humankind, to be caring and compassionate, being tolerant to others, forgiving others, caring for nature and other life forms.

Do we have universal morals? Yes: not to harm others, not to lie, not to cheat. But there are some that may be moral or immoral (amoral, too): gambling in some countries and cultures is not moral but in some countries it is legal to gamble; so are the views on pre-marital sex, fidelity issues, divorce, abortion among others.

MORTALITY:

Mortality is the quality of being mortal.

Mortality is the ratio of deaths in an area or country or continent to the population of that area usually expressed per 1000 per year.

MORTAL:

Mortal means subject to death such as human beings, mortal means belonging to this world and causing or liable to death. Mortal also means deadly, implacable, severe or dire or grievous or bitter such as mortal fear or mortal enemy.

Have you ever received a mortal blow in life? Your morals can save you from mortal blows.

Mortality is the death rate in a population. The countries with lowest mortality (number of deaths per 1,000 people) are in the Middle East. Qatar has world’s lowest death rate (less than 2 people per 1000 people in a year) because of its robust health care system for all the citizens and technologically advanced medical facilities and access to health care.

Countries that invest in healthcare have lower mortality rate than those that do not invest in healthcare. We have experts compiling mortality rates in the world, and also moralities!

Dr Oliver Scott Curry, University of Oxford, investigates human morality i.e., the nature, content and structure of morality, and the evolution of morality.

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